Construction Cost Estimating Spreadsheet – Construction estimators use construction drawings, project specifications, and information obtained from site visits to estimate the cost of a job. The estimate it contains contains all material and labor with the construction and management of the project, as well as general expenses, profits and other shipments. The key to learning how to construct estimates is to develop an increasingly broad understanding of the construction process. This allows the estimator to develop an in-depth analysis of the project to produce a more accurate estimate.
1. Enroll in an accredited course. Engineering, Construction Management or Architecture can provide a deep understanding of the fundamentals of the construction industry. Learn about the different materials that are used and how they are installed. In addition, you will get an idea of how the buildings are joined, as well as how the different activities of a building relate to each other. These courses also include calculus classes and the use of estimation software.
2. Look for a specialized course of estimation. Many community technology institutes and technical schools certification programs for individual courses that teach construction estimation. These courses can help you learn the basics of the building process, and also teach you to look critically at the process.
3. Acquire experience in the field through internships and on-site training. Many elements can affect an estimate and these elements may be different in each job. Spending time at the construction site is one of the best ways to become familiar with the elements that can affect a project. Many large contractors hire students who specialize in construction, both for positions and for jobs to opt into the company. These students usually begin to work on the spot as project project directors and superintendent. Here you can get a true understanding of what you really need to build a building or another project.
4. Learn to read plans. As an estimator, most of the information you need from a project comes from your plans. In general, this ability can be learned on your own with a little patience and practice. If you find it too difficult, take courses at the local technology institute or the contractors’ association. Develop good inventory review habits. This includes taking note of all the information in the map, stories as symbols and numbered notes. It is also important to look for discrepancies between the different sections of the plans, and to clarify these points before presenting an estimate.
5. Improve your understanding of mechanical and electrical systems. These two elements make up the bulk of an estimated cost of construction and also children as the most complicated. The more you know about these elements, the more likely you are to prepare an accurate estimate. Consider taking a basic electricity course or HVAC systems. Read books on these topics, especially those aimed at commercial systems. When looking for internships, think about taking a position with a mechanical or electrical subcontractor. You will gain invaluable knowledge that is very beneficial to your career as an estimator and that you may be well ahead of other candidates when you start looking for a job.
6. Familiarize yourself with the MasterFormat system developed by the Institute of Construction Specifications (CSI). This system is used throughout the construction industry as a form of organization of construction activities, project specifications and other components. As an estimator, the account that most of your estimates are organized according to this system. Most of the estimation software is also organized according to the MasterFormat. There are 50 divisions in the system and each is divided into dozens of individual sections. For example, Division 22 is for plumbing, and sections of 22 01 to 22 20 various plumbing materials elements and methods. The use of this system helps an estimator to develop a comprehensive offer with fewer omissions. MasterFormat can access the ITUC website free of charge.